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An overview of weight loss methods

An overview of weight loss methods Posted on January 1, 2018

Being weight conscious is not only beneficial for the health but being fit also improves a person’s self esteem. Being over weight or obese is a serious health concern as it is a root cause for various weight related ailments. In such people the metabolism rate is low leading to fat accumulation in the body and slow burning of calories. Weight problem is largely a combination of unhealthy eating practices and inadequate physical activity. Many people who want to reduce weight seek to find methods to lose weight fast. But losing weight is not an easy task. It requires a positive attitude, commitment, dedication and will power.

There are many methods to lose weight fast with varying degree of effectiveness. It is up to you to choose a method that suits your needs.

Lifestyle changes – making changes in your lifestyle to include diet and fitness routines is important to lose weight. Research has indicated that many common yet serious health problems can be attributed to the unhealthy lifestyle. Moreover, as modern society requires people to live on the run, the or career-oriented or achievement-oriented lifestyles ultimately result in high stress levels, poor eating behaviors, unhealthy sleep habits, lack of physical exercise as well as the inability to find the time to release from tension and relax. Diabetes mellitus is a devastating metabolic disease affecting about 16 million people in the United States. Type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), is a disorder leading to the abnormal function of different tissues and organs and can ultimately result in vascular disease, renal failure, neuropathy and retinopathy. In addition to the genetic factors and obesity problem, the unhealthy sedentary lifestyle partly contributes to prevalence of of diabetes incidence. Lifestyle modifications to promote a healthy weight loss include an increased physical activity, reduced intake of dietary fat and food containg high caloric content. It is important to increase the intake of fiber, proteins, fruits and vegetables and control the intake of carbohydrates, fried foods, fast foods, sodas and candies in your daily diet. Having smaller and frequent meals and drinking 8-10 glasses water a day also helps to suppress hunger.

Dietary supplements – there are many supplements available in the market that will help to lose weight. Dietary supplements have also been used to promote weight loss, to maintain normal weight and to cure some metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity. Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) has been included in many diet pill formulas to suppress appetite, to prohibit the fatty acids production from carbohydrates, and to inhibit weight gain. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is said to be effective to support weight management by inhibiting the body’s mechanism for fat storage and cause the body to make use of fatty reserves for energy expenditure. Omega 3 fatty acids added to diets have been shown to reduce body weight and blood lipid levels. Chitosan, a polymeric carbohydrate that can be derived from chitin, has the ability to bind fat (triaceylgylcerols and fatty acids) and absorb other lipids in the intestine. Chromium, typically in form of chromium picolinate, may enhance brain synthesis of serotonin that helps control appetite and sugar cravings, also help maintain a high metabolic rate to increase lean body mass and promote weight reduction. Other common components of weight loss supplements include caffeine, yerba mate, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) from green tea leaves, capsaicin, carnitine, St. John’s Wort, hoodia gordonii, and citrus aurantium. Unlike prescription weight loss drugs, dietary supplements do not undergo scientific research and strict clinical trials because the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) classifies dietary supplements as foods, not medications. They should be taken after consultation with your doctor or dietitian. They work by suppressing appetite and boosting metabolism

Pharmacologic therapy – weight loss drugs are mainly designed to increase energy expenditure, reduce appetite, stimulate fat movement, lower triacylglycerol synthesis, inhibit fat absorption, and modulate the activities of the metabolic and central nervous system (hypothalamic) satiety. Available weight loss drugs include orlistat (reducing intestinal fat absorption), sibutramine (appetite suppressant), metformin, byetta, and symlin. Among them, orlistat and sibutramine are Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved anti-obesity drugs. Weight loss medications more or less carry considerable side effects. For example, orlistat may cause oily stools, steatorrhea, stomach pain, and flatulence.

Exercise – increasing exercise and fitness routines to your daily schedule helps to burn more calories than you consume. Exercise intervention is a necessity in all weight loss programs to combat the rising prevalence of obesity. Keeping regular physical exercise can help control the development of obesity and contribute to success in getting both short and long term weight loss. Regular physical activity may improve insulin action through changes in regional adipose tissue deposition which a recognized indicator of risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and more recent researches suggest that intramuscular lipid is an preliminary contributor to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Exercise increases muscle tone and burns calories at the same time. Adding aerobic activities to your schedule helps to boost metabolism. This helps to burn calories faster and thereby achieves natural and healthy weight loss.

Diet plans – in addition to the use of diet pills, various weight loss diets have been proposed. There are six basic nutrients required by the body for growth and maintenance of body tissue: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water. A good diet program should provide a well balanced intake of these nutrients. There are many diet plans available that help reduce weight fast. The most famous commercial diet programs include the Atkins diet, the Weight Watchers diet, the Zone diet, and the South Beach diet. Before choosing a diet plan you should consult your doctor who can suggest a plan that is right for you. Choose a plan that is easy to follow and the one that suits you. However, diet planning assistance purely provides limited value in long term weight loss because many rapid weight loss diets relies solely on reducing caloric intake or other ingredients that contribute to fat gain.

Surgery – there are different types of weight loss surgeries available. Surgical interventions can be categorized into the restrictive type which restricts stomach size by stapling portions of the intestine or stomach, and the malabsorptive type for blocking the absorption of food from the gut. Weight loss surgery is only for people failed to lose weight after nonsurgical approaches, or for people who have obesity-related diseases. It is usually the last resort among methods to lose weight fast. You should consult your surgeon, understand the pros and cons of the various types of surgeries and then decide if you are willing to go in for this option.

You can choose any of the above listed methods to lose weight fast and with commitment can achieve desired results. If you can manage a combination of the mentioned methods, the results can be amazing.